LASIK Surgery: A Step-by-Step Look at the Treatment Process

By Wlliam E. Holcomb, MD on July 12, 2014

A LASIK procedure in progressThere are many different options out there if you would like to reduce your dependence on corrective lenses. One of the most popular options out there is LASIK surgery. LASIK surgery involves the use of lasers to address refractive errors and reduce dependence on glasses and contacts. At at Holcomb Laser Center, we have helped numerous people throughout Cullman through LASIK surgery, and millions of people worldwide have benefited from the procedure already.

The Initial Consultation

The first step of LASIK treatment really is the initial consultation. During this visit, the health and condition of your eyes will be carefully considered. This includes the health of your corneas, your overall medical history, any existing vision or eye health issues that may affect your suitability for surgery.

If you are considered an ideal candidate for LASIK surgery, the treatment will be planned and proceed. If not, then we can look into the various alternatives for vision care, whether they be surgical or non-surgical.

Pre-Operative Preparation for the LASIK Surgery

In the weeks leading up to your LASIK surgery, there are a few things that you need to do to prepare for the surgery itself. This includes quitting smoking and reducing alcohol consumption.

Most importantly, if you wear contact lenses, it's of the utmost importance that you stop wearing them. Contact lenses alter the shape of the corneas, and for effective LASIK surgery, it's important that the corneal shape return to its natural shape.

Full pre-op instructions will be provided during your initial consultation.

The LASIK Procedure and What It Entails

Patients will be given anesthetic eye drops to ensure that they feel no pain or discomfort as the surgery is being performed. While the eye drops will prevent pain and discomfort, it's important to note that patients will be conscious while LASIK is being performed.

The patient's eyes are carefully held open during the LASIK procedure with a speculum as they are positioned under the laser. A flap is created in the topmost layer of the cornea (the epithelium). The epithelium is pulled back so that the cornea can be reshaped, allowing light to pass through the eye and focus perfectly on the retina.

Once the laser reshaping is completed, the epithelial flap is set down and the surgery is completed.

Recovery from Surgery and Follow-Up Visits

In the days and weeks after the LASIK procedure, patients will need to be careful about rubbing their eyes and will be asked to avoid steam rooms, swimming, and other situations in which the eyes may be exposed to potential sources of infection. Multiple followup visits will be schedule at the practice to ensure proper healing, with the first occurring a few days after the surgery.

Dry eye is common after LASIK, so patients are asked to carry liquid tears at all times to address any sudden flares of dry eye. Wearing sunglasses and a hat with a brim while outdoors is also recommended as this will reduce light sensitivity and any discomfort from the sun.

Full post-operative instructions will also be provided during your consultation.

Learn More About LASIK Surgery

If you would like to learn more about LASIK and how it can be of great benefit to you, it's important that you contact our laser eye surgery and vision correction centers today to schedule a consultation. Dr. Wlliam E. Holcomb and the entire team will be sure to go over all of your vision correction options so that you can make the best possible decisions about your health and wellness.

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I went to the best of the best for LASIK: Dr. Holcomb. I highly recommend him and his staff.

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